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A hanging in Kansas

A hanging in Kansas
Creator: Topeka State Journal Company
Date: February 18, 1916
This newspaper article published in the Topeka State Journal illustrates the confusion surrounding the history of state death penalty laws in Kansas. The article concerns the possible execution, under federal law, of a convict at the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth. The article claims that should this execution proceed "Kansas will see its first legal hanging in its history as a state." The article concludes by saying "that there never has been a hanging under state law in Kansas." In fact, between 1862-1888 there were nine legal executions in Kansas under state law, three under military law, and two under federal law. The state repealed its capital punishment law in 1907.


Alphabetical correspondence, A - H

Alphabetical correspondence, A - H
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877-1878
The following documents relate to various matters in the State of Kansas. This description does not cover all the documents in this file. A letter on June 25, 1877, from Vice President of the Boston, Winthrop, and Point Shirley Railroad Company, Albert L. Rice, states they have delayed the celebration of the opening of their road until the road is completed to Point Shirley. A letter on September 27, 1878, from R. A. Alston, informs Kansas Governor Anthony the next General Assembly of the State is in November. In the letter from Alston, he advises that he has an interest in improving the Penitentiary System and requests a report from the Principal Keeper and a synopsis of the law governing the punishment of convicts. A letter on February 27, 1878, from G. E. Patrick of Lawrence, requests Governor Anthony to send another sample, and he will assay it immediately.


Alphabetical correspondence, I-K

Alphabetical correspondence, I-K
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883: Glick)
Date: 1883-1885
These letters are from Kansas citizens to Kansas Governor G. W. Glick. There are also a few letters from the Kansas State Penitentiary regarding Congress as well as information on certain people. Additionally, there are many letters from the Kansas State Agricultural College regarding different issues and requests. The correspondents discussed various topics including railroads, requests for aid/support/documents/interviews, government officials, congress, newspaper/publication articles (i.e.- Enterprise), and farming. Due to the large amount of correspondence Kansas Governor G. W. Glick received from the public, the letters are divided and listed in alphabetical order.


Applications: Penitentiary, Kansas State

Applications: Penitentiary, Kansas State
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1868
These letters, spanning January through March 1868, are from government officials and Kansas citizens to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding the appointment of the warden for the Kansas State Penitentiary. They wrote to either recommend others or apply for the position. The Kansas State Penitentiary was located in Leavenworth County, Kansas.


Attorney General

Attorney General
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1885-1889 : Martin)
Date: 1885
These letters, spanning 1885, are from the Attorney General, S. B. Bradford, to Kansas Governor John Martin. The topics of the letters include declaring cities, elections, case against Iowa, revoking of commissioners, cases, arrests, bills, the State Architect, Kansas State Penitentiary, and the Notary Public.


Criminal matters

Criminal matters
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1869-1873 : Harvey)
Date: 1869
A letter from A. J. Hughes of Council Grove, Kansas, informs Governor Harvey the citizens desire that an award is offered for the capture of William Polk, who murdered William Hess. A clipping of a reward offer from Morris County Sheriff, W.D. Kahl. A letter from A. Danford notifies Kansas Governor Harvey papers will be forwarded in a day or two from the Governor of Texas for a requisition of James Tyler for a crime committed. A letter from Warden of the Kansas State Penitentiary, J. L. Philbrick, requests a pardon for Harvey A. Brown and his citizenship restored. A letter from Colonel George Gibson writes to the Governor concerning the case against Bob Conners, who is confined in the guardhouse in Fort Hays. Additional correspondence to Governor Harvey is in regard to criminal affairs in the State of Kansas.


Criminal Matters : U.S. Army prisoners at Kansas State Penitentiary

Criminal Matters : U.S. Army prisoners at Kansas State Penitentiary
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883: Glick)
Date: 1883-1885
All of these letters are from the federal Adjutant General's office to Kansas Governor G. W. Glick regarding U.S. Army prisoners at the Kansas State Penitentiary. The orders in the letters include the sentence of confinement as well as pardons. In this file, 31 U.S. Army officials were sentenced to or pardoned from the Kansas State Penitentiary directed by the Secretary of War.


Criminal Records; US Army Prisoners

Criminal Records; US Army Prisoners
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1885-1889 : Martin)
Date: 1885-1889
These letters, spanning 1885 to 1886, are from the Adjutant General's office regarding US Army prisoners to Kansas Governor John Martin. All of the signed official letters sentence individuals to or release individuals from the Kansas State Penitentiary. The Kansas State Penitentiary was founded in 1868 and located in Lansing, Kansas.


Index to official state matters

Index to official state matters
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
This document, spanning 1865 to 1868, is from Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. Crawford wrote an index for various state matters including the penitentiary, state capitol, geological surveys, militia, mining, and schools. There are page numbers and fund amounts next to the state matters. The years, 1865 to 1868, also match Crawford's term as governor.


Lansing Prison - Management Suggestions

Lansing Prison - Management Suggestions
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: 1915
This letter from F. M. Gable at the Lansing Prison in Lansing, Kansas, is addressed Governor Capper about the management of the penitentiary. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.


Minor and Miscellaneous

Minor and Miscellaneous
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1873-1877 : Osborn)
Date: 1875, 1876
A letter on January 18, 1875, from J. D. Brumbaugh, asks Kansas Governor Osborn for the appointment as a member on the committee to remove laws. A letter on April 3, 1875, from W. J. Buchan, asks that Porter Sherman is given an appointment as a member on the Board of Regents or Instructor of some institution. In the letter, Buchan notes that Sherman is a strong man with the colored voters. A letter of application from William Voss for an appointment as Guard in the Penitentiary. Following letters concern appointments and recommendations of certain individuals for positions.


Minor Jobs

Minor Jobs
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883: Glick)
Date: 1883-1885
These letters are from Kansas citizens regarding various vacant positions to Kansas Governor G. W. Glick. Individuals wrote to Glick about vacancies in state agencies like the State Penitentiary, asylums, railroads, and the Governor's office. Other specific jobs include an engineer at the State House, state treasury, night watchmen at the State House, immigration agent, and teacher.


October 1885

October 1885
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1885-1889 : Martin)
Date: October 1885
These letters, spanning September 1885, are from government officials, companies, organizations, and other individuals regarding their general affairs to Kansas Governor John Martin. They wrote discussing various topics, such as the State Penitentiary, personal matters/opinions, committees, legislation, certifications, campaigning, and requests for information.


Penitentiary

Penitentiary
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1873-1877 : Osborn)
Date: 1874 - 1876
The following correspondence pertains to matters related to the Penitentiary in Kansas. A letter on February 20, 1874, from A. J. Angell, President of Board of Directors of the Kansas State Penitentiary, forwards statements and conditions of accounts related to the boarding and clothing of U. S. Civil prisoners for the fiscal year ending on March 31, 1873. A letter on February 16, 1876, from Henry Hopkins, Warden of the Penitentiary, encloses copies of the opinion of Judge Foster, U. S. Court, and Attorney General Randolph concerning the discharge of certain prisoners from the Penitentiary because of an error in a sentence.


Penitentiary

Penitentiary
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1869-1873 : Harvey)
Date: 1870 - 1871
A letter on February 9, 1870, from the Directors of the Penitentiary request the removal of Warden J. L. Philbrick. In the letter, E. Hensley states the board has asked him to carry out several orders in which the Warden has refused. Following this letter is a petition for the removal of J. L. Philbrick as Warden of the Penitentiary. A letter on February 28, 1870, from E. Hensley, notifies the Governor that there is talk of canceling the contract with the architect, and he strongly urges against this decision. The following correspondence to Kansas Governor Harvey concern the removal of Warden Philbrick.


Penitentiary clerk

Penitentiary clerk
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1869-1873 : Harvey)
Date: 1869 - 1873
A letter on March 9, 1870, from Sleeper and Wilder request Kansas Governor Harvey use his influence to secure a position as a Clerk for H. C. Fields in the State Penitentiary.


Penitentiary director

Penitentiary director
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1869-1873 : Harvey)
Date: 1871
A petition on February of 1871 from members of the Kansas Senate ask that J. Wood be appointed the Director of the Penitentiary.


Penitentiary Director

Penitentiary Director
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1873-1877 : Osborn)
Date: 1875
A letter on December 20, 1875, from D. W. Finney, requests the appointment as one of the directors of the State Penitentiary caused by the passing of H. C. Learned. In the letter, Finney states he will furnish recommendations and endorsements upon request.


Penitentiary : director ; deputy warden

Penitentiary : director ; deputy warden
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877 - 1878
A letter on May 21, 1877, from Eli Gilbert, states he has heard there is likely to be a vacancy in the Medical department and says he has a friend who is skilled in this area who he'd like to recommend. A letter on January 18, 1877, from L. W. Howell, applies for the appointment as Deputy Warden of the Penitentiary. A letter of recommendation from O. A. Bassett for S. W. Howell as Deputy Warden. Additional correspondence in this file pertains to the appointments of Director and Deputy Warden of the Penitentiary.


Penitentiary Directors

Penitentiary Directors
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883: Glick)
Date: 1883-1885
These letters are from the board of directors of the Kansas State Penitentiary to Kansas Governor G. W. Glick. Many of the letters are discussing meetings for the board of directors. There are other letters that discuss penitentiary matters like coal shipments, building infrastructure, and the appointment of directors.


Penitentiary : Director & Warden

Penitentiary : Director & Warden
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883: Glick)
Date: 1883-1885
These letters are from various individuals regarding the appointment of the warden and board of directors of the Kansas State Penitentiary to Kansas Governor G. W. Glick. Those endorsed for warden include S. M. Palmer, Charles T. Sears, and W. C. Jones. Those endorsed for the board of directors include John Sims and S. Webster. W. C. Jones was appointed the warden position.


Penitentiary : Guards

Penitentiary : Guards
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: 1879
This file includes a letter from Honorable Henry Hopkins from the penitentiary regarding the appointment of Robert Samuels to a Guardship at the penitentiary. It also discusses other individuals and appointments. Several of the other letters to Kansas Governor St. John provide recommendations for appointments within the penitentiary.


Penitentiary, Kansas State

Penitentiary, Kansas State
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877 - 1878
The documents in this file pertain to topics related to the Kansas State Penitentiary. This description does not cover all the documents in this file. A letter on January 12, 1877, from Warden, Harry Hopkins states he has written a bill after carefully reading Governor Anthony's message. In the letter, H. Hopkins asks if the requirements of the bill meet Governor Anthony's views. A letter on April 13, 1877, from Hopkins, returns the Citizen Papers of W. J. Burns, convict of Chase County, and states his sentence does not expire until next December. A letter on July 13, 1877m from Hopkins, encloses communication in the case of John W. Bagby in which he gives his thanks to Governor Anthony and expresses he will endeavor to lead a correct life in the future. Additional correspondence discusses discharges of convicts, communications of sentences, meetings, as well as other related topics.


Penitentiary, Kansas State

Penitentiary, Kansas State
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1889-1893 : Humphrey)
Date: 1889-1892
A report from Warden, George H. Chase, advises Governor Humphrey of the events that took place leading up to the death of a Lorenzo Weisner who committed suicide. Accompanying the letter from Chase is a report that details Weisners' violations while at the Penitentiary. A letter from W. Martindale, Chairman Board of Directors, discusses important facts concerning surplus coal of the mine operated in connection with the Penitentiary. Following Martindale's letter is a statement that explains the amount of coal consumed by the State Institutions, given in months and the amounts supplies for the years 1891 and 1892. The following papers are names of prisoners the Warden is requesting to have their rights of citizenship restored.


Penitentiary, Kansas State, Lansing

Penitentiary, Kansas State, Lansing
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865 - 1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from the directors and warden of the Kansas State Penitentiary regarding its general affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. R. G. Elliott wrote declining his appointment to director. J. L. Philbick, the warden, and the directors wrote reports of the penitentiary's expenditures. The Kansas State Penitentiary was located in Lansing, Kansas.


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